Hematocrit procedure (Total 934904 Papers Found)

Using high-resolution positron emission tomography and the oxygen 15 continuous inhalation method, we examined the changes in cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen, blood flow, blood volume, and oxygen extraction fraction as a function of age in 25 optimally healthy, unmedicated volunteers who ranged in age from 20 to 68 years. Subjects were strictly selected for absence of cerebrovascular risk factors, dementia, or mental disorders; they had neither biological nor clinical abnormalities, and no foc ...
A 57-year-old man treated with Coumadin for an episode of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation presented to the Emergency Department with progressive dysphagia and odynophagia. Physical examination revealed a large right-sided lateral and posterior pharyngeal wall mass. Laboratory studies were significant for an international normalized ratio (INR) of 5.4 with a white blood cell count of 11,600/muL and a hematocrit of 33.2%. A lateral soft tissue radiograph and computed tomography (CT) scan of the nec ...
I T IS A distinct pleasure to dedicate the first published* of a series of articles from this laboratory on the use of radio isotopes in human physiologic studies to Dr. George R. Minot. It was under his direction that our venture into this field was undertaken. Radio phosphorus has been used in the examination of various phases of phosphorus metabolism and the results have been summarized by Hevesy’ ‘ 2 and Kamen.3 Most of the data presented in the literature were obtained in animals, and b ...
BACKGROUND Mobile intra-aortic thrombus without atherosclerosis, aneurysm, or congenital coagulopathy is very rare, and there are few reports especially in young or middle-aged patients. Furthermore, there are presently no established guidelines or common strategies for the treatment of mobile intra-aortic thrombus. In this case report, we describe the first case of intra-aortic thrombus caused by secondary erythrocytosis and describe the recommended treatment strategy for intra-aortic thrombus. ...
We determined the in vivo ability of infused human recombinant hemoglobin 1.1 (hr-Hb) and erythropoietin to rescue the hematopoietic activity from the suppressive effects of AZT in normal and in a murine model of AIDS (MAIDS) mice. Mice were fed with AZT for 8 weeks with or without treatment in the last 4 weeks by administering various concentrations of hr-Hb and/or erythropoietin (Epo). Blood parameters, body weight (BW) and erythroid burst-forming units (BFU-E) for all mice were determined. AZ ...
Treatment with recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) successfully reverses anemia in uremic patients. Of major concern, however, are blood pressure increases during rHuEPO therapy, observed particularly in patients with a history of hypertension. The present study was designed to determine whether high-dose rHuEPO elevates blood pressure in nonuremic rats, and if so, whether preexisting hypertension enhances this response. We examined blood pressure responses to high (100 IU/kg) and very hig ...
Type I congenital methemoglobinemia is an autosomal recessive disorder. A high frequency of congenital methemoglobinemia has been reported among Native Americans inhabiting the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta. Other rare cases of congenital methemoglobinemia of types I and II have been reported in Japan and other countries. In Russia-namely, in Yakutia-a high frequency of type I congenital methemoglobinemia has been reported. In 2009, the Consultation Polyclinic of the Pediatric Center in Yakutsk city est ...
BACKGROUND Peritonitis is a major complication of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. Information on the specific risk of peritonitis is important in reducing this common complication. MATERIAL AND METHOD A single center retrospective cohort study was done to assess time to first peritonitis event and risk factors in Thai CAPD population. RESULTS Between January 1995 and December 2005, 322 incident CAPD patients were recruited for the present study. During the study pe ...
These experiments were designed to study the effect of resistance exercise on parameters pertinent to the hemostatic and fibrinolytic systems. Seven normal healthy subjects (6 male, 1 female, 25 +/- 3 yr mean SD) were studied under three conditions: control (C) [no exercise], high volume resistance exercise (HVRE), and low volume resistance exercise (LVRE), which were randomized for each subject, with 7 d separating tests. Both HVRE and LVRE trials encompassed the performance of five sets of nin ...
Patients with relapsed/refractory leukemias or advanced myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) fare poorly following allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT). We report prospective phase II study results of 29 patients given clofarabine 30 mg/m2/day i.v. × 5 days followed immediately by HCT conditioning while at the cytopenic nadir. A total of 15/29 patients (52%) were cytoreduced according to pre-defined criteria (cellularity <20% and blasts <10%). Marrow cellularity (P<0.0001) and bl ...
Chronic inflammations, atherosclerosis and obesity, are major risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Immune modulation of the inflammatory response has shown promise in animal models of atherogenesis and metabolic disease. Tableted dietary supplement, V-6, containing pooled antigens derived from pig adipose tissue has been administered daily to 12 volunteers for 2 months. No significant changes were observed in liver ALT and AST enzymes, i.e., 28 vs 23.8 IU and 22.6 vs 24.8 IU, with p = 0.07 ...
Objective: To determine the safety and efficacy of orally delivered 4-aminopyridine for motor weakness due to Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS) under a FDA approved protocol (IND No: 58,029). Setting: Tertiary care outpatient and inpatient rehabilitation center directly attached to a university hospital. Subjects: Seven subjects who were unable to ambulate more than 200 feet without assistive devices and had residual nonprogressive motor weakness due to GBS more than one year out from the initial ep ...
TO THE EDITOR: We read the article by Gousseff and colleagues (1) on the systemic capillary leak syndrome (SCLS) with great interest. However, we differ with their conclusion implying that 2-agonists and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) provide equivalent prophylaxis. The data presented by Gousseff and colleagues show that none of the 8 patients who died in the study were receiving prophylactic treatment at the time of death. Eleven of the 20 remaining patients were initially treated with 2-ago ...
Preoperative normovolaemic acute haemodilution (PNAH) is used to reduce major blood loss during elective surgery. Considerable attention has been paid to colloid osmotic pressure, index of diffusibility and intravascular half-life of the currently available substitutes, but there is little information on their rheological properties from in vivo studies. Forty patients undergoing elective aortic reconstruction were given 4% human albumin (HA), 3.5% dextran 40 (Dxt 40), 6% dextran 60 (Dxt 60), 6% ...
The aim of the present work is to study the possible increment of blood volume, in the seated as well as the lying position, and to analyse the influence of changes of posture on the changes of blood volume during the hemodialysis. 17 patients were studied, evaluating the variations of the hematocrit in the extracorporeal circuit on entry into the dialyzer, by means of a photometric system (Crit-Line Instrument, Izasa). Every 15 minutes the values of the hematocrit were taken and heir repercussi ...
This study was designed to examine the leptin levels of preeclamptic women and their offspring, to compare them with those of normal pregnant women and to search for a correlation between maternal and fetal plasma leptin levels and their anthropometric characteristics. Twenty-one preeclamptic women and their babies were enrolled into the study. Control group consisted of 21 normal pregnant women and their babies, whose birth weights, gestational ages, and genders match with those of babies born ...
This study investigated the total hemodynamic energy (THE) and surplus hemodynamic energy transmission (SHE) of a novel adult extracorporeal life support (ECLS) system with nonpulsatile and pulsatile settings and varying pulsatility to define the most effective setting for this circuit. The circuit consisted of an i-cor diagonal pump (Xenios AG, Heilbronn, Germany), an XLung membrane oxygenator (Xenios AG), an 18 Fr Medos femoral arterial cannula (Xenios AG), a 23/25 Fr Estech RAP femoral venous ...
The possible role of altered renal prostaglandin metabolism in the generation of post-obstruction diuresis (POD) was examined in 16 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats. Inhibition of cyclooxygenase by the administration of a combination of two nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID), meclofenamate and indomethacin in 8 of these rats exaggerated, rather than lowered the degree of natriuresis and diuresis that followed the release 24 h after bilateral ureteral ligation. Urine osmolarity was simila ...
  • ,
  • 2006
lization of the perforating veins will probably be used more than phlebography, but it is unlikely to be adopted for investigating all varicose veins because, apart from the technical assistance and skill needed, the apparatus is expensive. Unea simple, inexpensive bedside method of detection is devised, thermography is likely to be used in the same way as phlebography, for the difficult recurrent case. But if this addition to our methods of investigation were to be used widely the results of th ...
OBJECTIVE To compare iron absorption from infant formula and iron-fortified cow's milk. METHODS Twenty-four weanling Wistar rats were maintained in metabolic cages during the whole experiment (10 days). On the first day, the animals were divided into three similar groups according to their weight, length, hematocrit and hemoglobin levels: 1) infant formula; 2) powdered whole cow's milk fortified with iron in the same quantity and type as the formula; 3) control--powdered whole cow's milk not f ...
Monthly hemochrome parameters were obtained during the first 2 years of age in 22 children with perinatal human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) infection and in 58 exposed seroreverted children. Timing and predictive value of hemochrome modifications were investigated. Exclusion criteria were hemoglobinopathies and zidovudine (AZT) treatment in pregnancy. When AZT treatment was undertaken children were eliminated from the study. From the second month of life red blood cell (RBC) counts, he ...
A red cell metabolic abnormality, which diminishes the maximum activity of the pentose phosphate shunt, occurs in some uremic patients, even those adequately dialyzed with fluids prepared from distilled or charcoal-filtered water. Within individual patients the severity of this abnormality does not change even after 9 mo of consecutive hemodialyses. However, between patients it does correlate inversely with hematocrit. When erythrocytes from patients with the abnormality are stressed with oxidan ...
Cyclosporine concentrations in whole blood and plasma were determined in 25 samples from renal-transplant patients. The portion of cyclosporine carried in plasma varied widely, from 9 to 58%. Radioimmunoassay and liquid chromatography both revealed a statistically significant inverse correlation between hematocrit and the plasma fraction of cyclosporine in the circulating blood. Regression analysis indicates that a 10% increase in hematocrit would decrease the portion of cyclosporine in plasma b ...
INTRODUCTION The aim of the study is to report results of erythropoietin treatment for late hyporegenerative anemia in the hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN). Reports previously published concern only a few cases, with controversial results. METHODS Case series report concerning 50 neonates with HDN due to Rh, ABO or KpA antigens, aged more than 7 days. Erythropoietin treatment started when hematocrit dropped to levels requiring transfusion, with an inappropriate reticulocyte response (Ret ...
Although bats are one of the largest groups within the class Mammalia and may carry several zoonotic diseases, basic information about their hematology is limited. In this study, hematocrit (Hct), total white blood cell counts (TWBC; leukocytes), and differential white blood cell counts (DWBC) of free-ranging Neotropical bats were quantified. Blood samples from 255 bats representing 26 species from the families of Emballonuridae (3 species; 33 individuals), Molossidae (2 species; 26 individuals) ...
BACKGROUND The diagnosis of hereditary angioedema (HAE) is often delayed due to the low awareness of this condition. In patients with undiagnosed HAE, abdominal symptoms often create the risk of unnecessary surgical operation and/or drug therapy. To explore the cause of misdiagnosis, we compared the laboratory findings of HAE patients under normal conditions with those during abdominal attacks. METHODS Patient medical histories were analyzed and laboratory data at the first consultation with n ...
Objective. The objective of our study was to assess the influence of hematocrit (HCT), partial pressure of oxygen (PO2), and blood glucose level upon results obtained with three different blood glucose reagent strip tests used in conjunction with the appropriate meter: BM-Test 1-44, BM-Accutest, and Satellite G.Methods. Our study was designed as a consecutive sample study of patients undergoing coronary artery surgery. The setting was the hospital theater and intensive care unit. We conducted bl ...
AIMS The aims of this study were to determine the population pharmacokinetics of tacrolimus in Chinese adult liver-transplant recipients and to identify factors that may account for this variability. METHODS Tacrolimus dose and blood concentrations, along with clinical data, were collected retrospectively from 262 liver-transplant recipients. Data were analyzed using a nonlinear mixed-effects modeling method. A 1-compartment model with first-order absorption and elimination was selected as the ...
Data collected for three years on incidence of trypanosome infections, degree of anaemia as assessed by packed red cell volume (PCV) and live weights of four groups of cows of varying physiological status were analysed. The animals were not harbouring trypanosomes during a period of two to three months before exposure to periods of increasing density of tsetse flies (Glossina morsitans submorsitans) while grazing in savannah woodlands. The groups of cows were formed on the following basis: pregn ...
The effect of aqueous extract of bark of Terminalia arjuna on some hematlogical and immunological parameters in rats during a seven-day administration of the doses of 250mg/kg and 500 mg/kg body weight orally was investigated. The results showed significant increase in total leucocyte count, monocytes, eosinophil, monocytes, hemoglobin, mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, and mean corp. hemo. Conc, and platelet count in both the cases, when it was treated with low doses and hig ...
Recormon was given to 34 patients on hemodialysis. The drug's effects on quality of life were judged by the results of clinical, laboratory, experimental and psychological dynamic investigations. The highest effect occurred on the therapy month 6-12. Recormon contributed to relief of asthenic and depressive syndromes, to an increase of activity and improvement of well-being, quality of life by Karnofsky scale within the first year of treatment. The dynamics of life quality changes depended on in ...
OBJECTIVE To establish the efficacy of Oxyglobin (HB-200) in canine babesiosis and compare it to standard therapy, packed red blood cell transfusion (pRBCT) with respect to improvements in specific parameters of blood gas, acid-base, blood pressure, and subjective evaluations. DESIGN Prospective, randomized, clinical trial. SETTING Onderstepoort Veterinary Academic Hospital. ANIMALS Twelve dogs (8-25 kg) naturally infected with Babesia rossi and a hematocrit of 0.1-0.2 L/L (10-20%). INTE ...
It is well known that the hematocrit in microvessels with diameters smaller than 1000 microm is lower than either venous or arterial hematocrit, thereby resulting in significantly lower mean hematocrit values for vessels perfusing a given tissue (i.e., lower tissue hematocrit). The mechanisms that underlie this reduction of microvascular hematocrit include axial migration, plasma skimming and the Fahraeus Effect. It has been previously demonstrated in rats that a linear hematocrit gradient norma ...
Smoking is one of the major lifestyle factors influencing the health of human beings. Life-long cigarette smokers have a higher prevalence of common diseases such as atherosclerosis and COPD with significant systemic impact. The present review evaluates current knowledge concerning possible pathways through which cigarette smoking can affect human health, with special focus on extrapulmonary effects. Long-term smoke exposure can result in systemic oxidants-antioxidants imbalance as reflected by ...
BACKGROUND In developing countries, incomplete resolution of anemia with iron supplementation is often attributed to poor compliance or inadequate duration of supplementation, but it could result from deficiencies of other micronutrients. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to assess children's hematologic response to supervised, long-term iron supplementation and the relation of this response to other micronutrient deficiencies, anthropometry, morbidity, and usual dietary intake. DESIGN Rural Mexic ...
Heme oxygenase (HO)-1 is an oxygen-dependent enzyme that may regulate vascular tone and cell proliferation through the production of carbon monoxide (CO). We tested the hypothesis that HO-1 is upregulated in the lung in chronic hypoxia by exposing male Sprague-Dawley rats to 17,000 feet (395 Torr) for 0, 1, 3, 7, 14, or 21 days. After exposure, blood gases, carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) levels, and hematocrit were measured, and the lungs were either inflation fixed for immunohistochemistry or frozen ...
Volume overload is a factor in development of hypertension in hemodialysis patients. Fluid removal by hemodialysis (HD), however, may cause intradialytic hypotension and associated symptoms. A better understanding of the relationships between blood pressure volume status and the pathophysiology of fluid removal during HD are, therefore, necessary to control blood pressure and to eliminate intradialytic hypotension. The objectives of the study were to determine the amount and direction of change ...
Use of the argon laser to recanalize stenosed arteries may require delivery of the beam through blood. To assess the degree of hemolysis and debris formation, 84 samples of citrated whole blood were exposed to argon laser radiation with varying power (1, 2 and 3 watts) and duration (5, 10, 20 and 40 seconds). Compared with control samples, only blood samples exposed to a power of 3 watts for 40 seconds showed a marked decrease in hematocrit (from 37 +/- 1.3 to 33 +/- 1.4%, p less than 0.01) and ...
We captured 93 wintering adult and subadult Common Loons (Gavia immer) in coastal Louisiana from 2011 to 2015 following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. We tested blood samples for exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and measured physiological variables including hematocrit, hemoglobin and total blood protein. PAH concentrations in loon blood differed from year to year and by age class. High PAH concentrations were significantly related to lower body masses in both adult and suba ...
Percutaneous renal biopsy may be complicated by hemorrhage. Patients are frequently hospitalized for overnight observation. We evaluated prospectively the feasibility and safety of an outpatient renal biopsy protocol. During a 20-month period, 100 consecutive patients underwent outpatient renal biopsy using a standardized protocol. The biopsy was performed by Nephrology Fellows, under direct faculty supervision. All biopsies were carried out under real-time ultrasound guidance with a 16-gauge sp ...
OBJECTIVE [corrected] The Rh-hemolytic disease can lead to a late anemia by hemolytic and hyporigenerative mechanism. We compared the effectiveness of rHuEPO in two care protocols that differ for doses of rHuEPO administrated and for timing of administration. METHODS A cohort of 14 neonates was investigated. The neonates were treated with two different protocols. Protocol A: a dose of 200 U/kg/day of rHuEpo administered subcutaneously starting from the end of the second week of life; Protocol ...
Background: Ghrelin is a peptide predominantly produced by the stomach. Recent studies have shown its protective roles and plasma alterations during hypoxia. Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of an exogenous administration of ghrelin on body weight and blood hematocrit during chronic hypoxia. Materials and Methods: Twenty four adult male Wistar rats were divided randomly into 3 groups. Hypoxic rats with saline or ghrelin treatment were placed in a normobaric hypoxic cha ...
CASE DESCRIPTION A 5-year-old spayed female cat was evaluated because of lethargy of 3 days' duration, acute respiratory distress, and anemia. CLINICAL FINDINGS Physical examination revealed the cat was in good body condition but had pale mucous membranes and elevated heart and respiratory rates. Results of hematologic analysis indicated the cat had severe anemia (Hct, 0.07 L/L; reference range, 0.28 to 0.49 L/L) and marked rubricytosis (19.0 × 10(9) cells/L; reference value, 0 cells/L). Resu ...
Whole blood hematocrit (HCT) decreases during multiple exposures to cold air. To better understand this finding, we have analyzed hematological profiles in 27 normal adult men exposed repeatedly to cold air in one of two experimental protocols. Experiment I was a cold air acclimatization study (CAA) conducted with two groups of 8 men in each group before, during, and after 80 separate 30-minute cold (4 degrees C) air exposures. As part of a metabolic study, half of the men received placebo daily ...
In summary, dextran 40, when given after coronary stent placement, results in a marked decrease in hematocrit within 24 hours. Hematocrit often returns to near baseline levels within 48 hours of stopping dextran. This phenomenon most likely reflects dextran-related hemodilution. This hemodilutional decrease in hematocrit is often misinterpreted as acute blood loss and may result in blood transfusion in patients with low baseline hematocrit. However, far less aggressive anticoagulation regimens, ...
In this prospective study, we monitored two laboratory parameters, C-reactive protein (CRP) and fibronectin (FIN) levels, in 30 patients undergoing elective surgery for ischemic heart disease. These patients were divided into three groups according to the surgical procedure used: group A, approach through a median sternotomy with the use of extracorporeal circulation; group B, approach through a median sternotomy without the use of extracorporeal circulation; and group C, approach through a left ...
BACKGROUND Although the occurrence of iron deficiency anemia and hemoglobinopathies in Vietnamese immigrants has been reported, folate and vitamin B12 deficiencies have not. Proper diagnosis and effective treatment is necessary to achieve a complete correction of anemia. METHODS We retrospectively analyzed the records of Vietnamese immigrants seen in our medical clinic from 1991 to 1993. Fifty-nine anemic patients (48 females and 11 males) had low levels of red blood cell (RBC) folate and/or s ...